Both drivers and pedestrians are responsible for safety. Pedestrians have the right of way in crosswalks, but pedestrians also have the responsibility to cross safely.


  • On average there were 49 pedestrian deaths, 361 hospital admissions and 1,824 emergency department visits.
  • 45% of the drivers in casualty collisions involving a pedestrian were recorded as failing to yield the right-of-way to the pedestrian.
  • Those between 15 and 19 years of age had the highest pedestrian death rate.
  • Of pedestrians involved in injury collisions, 11% had consumed alcohol before the collision compared to 28% involved in fatal collisions.

Prevention Messages

  • Pedestrians
    • Only cross the street at corners or in crosswalks.
    • Is there a pedestrian crossing signal? Use it! When the “Walk” signal turns on, check to make sure traffic stops and then start walking.
    • Do you see a flashing red hand or “Don’t Walk” signal? Don’t cross the street. Wait for the next “Walk” signal.
    • Watch for traffic in all lanes. Drivers making a right turn on a red light might not see you. Drivers turning left across traffic might not see you either.
    • Walk when crossing a street do not run.
    • Pay attention. Talking on a cell phone or to a friend is distracting. You may not notice traffic coming toward you.
    • Walk on sidewalks. If there is no sidewalk, walk on the left side, off the road, so you’re facing traffic.
    • Make sure drivers can see you. Wear clothes with bright colours.
    • Carry a flashlight or put reflective tape or a badge on your clothes.
    • Keep reflectors or a flashlight in your glove box in case your vehicle breaks down at night.
    • Make eye contact with drivers before you cross the street.
    • Treat driveways and alleys like streets. Always look left and right for traffic before crossing.
  • Children
    • Show and teach your child how to cross driveways, alleys and streets safely.
    • When can your child cross streets without adult supervision? Can they choose a safe walking route? Can they assess the speed of a vehicle? Typically a child learns these skills at 9 to 11 years old.
  • Drivers
    • Did you know that if you do not stop for a pedestrian in a crosswalk you could be fined $575 and get 4 demerit points?
    • Watch out for pedestrians at intersections and crosswalks.
    • Has a vehicle beside you stopped or slowed down? Maybe there is a pedestrian.
    • Obey speed limits and traffic signs and signals.
    • Watch closely for pedestrians in neighbourhood streets and school zones.
    • Make sure there is nothing behind your vehicle when you back up.
  • Do you see hazards in your area? Report them to your city or municipal planning department or to your community league. Hazards might be:
    • No sidewalks.
    • Traffic signals that don’t give you enough time to cross.
    • Poorly lit sidewalks or intersections.
    • Wide roads with no median in the centre where you can stop.
    • No curb ramps. This is especially important for people in wheelchairs.
    • Speeding drivers.
    • No crosswalk signals on busy streets.
  • Ask about ways to fix hazards like:
    • Timing traffic lights so that pedestrians can start crossing the street several seconds before the traffic starts moving.
    • Putting up signs or signals that warn pedestrians to watch for turning vehicles.
    • Making rules that prevent vehicles from turning right on a red light.
    • Moving stop lines farther away from crosswalks.
    • Building more sidewalks or walking paths.
    • Lowering posted speed limits.
    • Slowing down traffic with tree-lined streets, narrow streets or curb extensions.
    • Putting up street lights.

Resources & Toolkits

Supportive Programs