In 2006 the Injury Prevention Centre (then, ACICR) convened a collaborative meeting with invited representatives of the Métis Settlements and other key stakeholder organizations representative of both urban and rural Aboriginal communities. The purpose was to discuss what could be done to move injury prevention forward in Aboriginal communities in Alberta to begin addressing the injury problem particularly in off-reserve Aboriginal communities. The discussion resulted in the formation of the Aboriginal Injury Prevention Working Group.

A project funded by the Public Health Agency of Canada was undertaken in February 2006 by the Aboriginal Injury Prevention Working Group to develop a culturally appropriate Aboriginal Model for Injury Prevention. The purpose of the model was to guide the development of actions that would assist Aboriginal communities toward the implementation of community injury prevention initiatives.

A subsequent project was completed in 2009 that resulted in the development of a Five Year Strategic Plan that focused on Métis Settlements and Aboriginal community action in both urban and rural areas of Alberta.

Statistics

Aboriginal Peoples include First Nations, Métis, and Inuit people living in urban and rural communities. Due to data limitations, the data presented below is solely for First Nations (Registered Indians).

General

  • Injuries account for 49% of potential years of life lost (PYLL), which is 75% higher than the proportion among Alberta non-First Nations.
  • Injuries also account for 54% and 41% of premature deaths among First Nations males and females in Alberta, respectively.
  • The Alberta First Nations death rate due to injuries was four times the rate of non-First Nations in Alberta from 2000-2009.
  • From 2000-2009, injury was the leading cause of death among Alberta First Nations between 1 and 64 years.
  • Injury is the leading cause of death among First Nations populations. Injury-related Potential Years of Life Lost is almost 3.5 times higher than the national average.

Disability

  • Aboriginal disability rates are 31% which is 2 times higher than the national average. A large proportion of disability is due to injuries.

Motor-Vehicle Injures

  • Motor vehicle collisions and suicides were each equally responsible for 23% of injury deaths in 2000-2009.
  • Motor vehicle collisions, including cars, trucks, ATVs and snowmobiles, are a leading cause of death in all First Nations age groups.

Suicide

  • The average age at death by suicide is 29 years; this is much lower than the average age (44 years) among non-First Nations in Alberta.
  • First Nations male and female youth are, respectively, 5 and 7 times more likely to die by suicide than the national average of their peers.

Resources & Toolkits

For more information on the membership of the Aboriginal Injury Prevention Working Group and the two projects see the following documents:


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